Each person listed as an author is expected to have participated in the preparation of the manuscript to a significant extent. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/)guides our expectations. That is, Witness requires that all authors must meet the following 4 criteria:
- Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
- Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
- Final approval of the version to be published; AND
- Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Individuals who have contributed to the manuscript in some way, but who do not meet all of these 4 criteria, should be noted in the acknowledgements, along with a brief description of their contribution to the work.
The editor may request author teams to provide evidence of author contribution.