The inadequacy of a nursing black bag


  • Leigh Chapman Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing; The Wilson Centre
  • Roxanne Danielson Inner City Family Health Team



SDOH, homelessness, advocacy, activism, health policy, political nursing, social justice


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Author Biographies

Leigh Chapman, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing; The Wilson Centre

Leigh Chapman, RN, PhD is Registered Nurse with a PhD from the University of Toronto’s Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing. For her doctoral thesis, Leigh explored competency assessment processes and practices of clinicians in an academic hospital. She is currently the Director of Clinical Services at Inner City Health Associates. Leigh previously held positions in clinical practice, academia, research, regulation, professional practice and administration. Leigh is an advocate for issues related to social justice, harm reduction and critical drug policy. She is one of the co-founders and volunteer coordinators of the Toronto Overdose Prevention Society and unsanctioned overdose prevention site which operated in Moss Park from August 2017 through July 2018. Leigh is also a Registered Nurse at the Regent Park Community Health Centre’s Consumption and Treatment Service; Secretary of the Harm Reduction Nurses Association and is a Senior Advisor to the Social Medicine program at the University Health Network.

Roxanne Danielson, Inner City Family Health Team

Roxie Danielson is a Street Nurse with Inner City Family Health Team. Graduating from the University of Ottawa with her Bachelor of Science in Nursing in 2013, she started her career in primary care in Ottawa then quickly moved to Toronto in 2014 to follow her passion to work with people who are experiencing homelessness. As a Street Nurse, she supports some of the city’s most marginalized by not only providing hands on clinical care, but also by presenting deputations at City Hall in relation to harm reduction and shelter services, actively advocates for more funding for homelessness and housing initiatives in the media and continues to attend rallies and protests to fight for the lives of those who are homeless. On top of providing care in clinic and out in the community, Roxie also enjoys working with students with hopes to inspire other nurses to become Street Nurses and activists as well."




How to Cite

Chapman, L., & Danielson, R. (2019). The inadequacy of a nursing black bag. Witness: The Canadian Journal of Critical Nursing Discourse, 1(2), 2–3.